ABOUT THE LESSON How well do you know your adverbs? Position of the adverb in the sentences. (modifying the verb swim) The jellyfish has grown too old. You need to work harder; _____, you'll get fired. I can't wait to go to the zoo tomorrow and see the giraffes. Online quiz to test your understanding of English adjective order. I do not have time to go out much. Quiz *Theme/Title: Adverbs * Description/Instructions ; Choose the correct adverb for the following sentences. 'Slowly' is the adverb.It describes a verb e.g. Live Game Live. choose one 30 seconds . _____ Totally and almost are adverbs that tell HOW MUCH. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. This is a free all levels English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. to improve output, we have to increase employees wages. choose one The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog. it takes to get a pay rise. We _____ walk to school, because our school is very close. 30 seconds . False. This quiz is incomplete! In this test for the upper grades, the students will not only identify adverbs but will also identify the word or words they modify. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Understand the kinds of questions adverbs usually answer Skills Practiced. Peter neatly wrote a shopping list. It tests some of the words in our Vocabulary section's list of adverbs of manner. ... Delete; Host a game. Try this fun multiple-choice grammar quiz that tests your knowledge of adverbs in English. For ESL learners. A: very, extremely, daily, mostly, quickly, really, slowly, lazily, up, tomorrow. Which one of the following is NOT a subordinating conjunction? If it's wrong, a red cross (X) appears and you have to try as often as only one answer is left. Solution : To arrange the given numbers in order from smallest to greatest, find the smallest number among all the given numbers. The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog. _____ Yesterday and later are adverbs that tell WHEN. It tests what you learned on the Adverbs pages. Choose The Correct Answer. while :: page 02 until She ____ laid the baby in the crib. Put the picture in a place 'Liquid' can be an adjective. Adverb Multiple Choice Quiz. choose one unless if though. He drank a whole quart of milk. I won't help you. Adverb Clauses DRAFT. The workers will stay on strike for Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Adjective vs Adverb Exercise 2 3. Exercise on Comparison of Adverbs :: Learn English online - free exercises, explanations, games, teaching materials and plenty of information on English language. You will have to read all the given answers and click over the correct answer. Adjectives and Adverbs Quiz 1. Where? In this quiz we continue with identifying different kinds of adverbs and reinforcing our learning of adverbs that modify verbs. For instance, ‘the teacher is so harsh that he ALWAYS derides the students’ is a sentence in which ALWAYS is the adverb modifying the verb 'derides' and here the adverb is one of time/frequency. _____ Joyfully and slowly are adverbs that tell HOW something was done. This quiz is incomplete! _____ Some adverbs say HOW MUCH something was done. You can use Next Quiz button to check new set of questions in the quiz. Adjectives can also come after the verb: e.g. always rarely 4. Adverbs are just as important a part of speech as nouns and verbs. Solo Practice. Comparative vs Superlative 1 6. Adverbs can be used to describe verbs in several ways such as frequency, spatial position, degree of intensity or manner of behaviour. The answer is: A. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Tags: Question 2 . SURVEY . Adjective vs Adverb Exercise 2 3. Adverb Exercises for Class 7 CBSE With Answers Pdf. Practice. 6. Which is the correct spelling of the adjective ‘gentle’ when it becomes an adverb? He ran slowly. Identify the adverbs in the sentence... (2 adverbs)Recently Congress voted unanimously for the bill. You can do this quiz online or print it on paper. Take it up and practice as it is all about adjectives. You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. 1. Giraffes are very tall and have extremely long tongues. This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. 6. All Rights Reserved. Prepare them to get excited about learning as they move to harder topics. . Adverbs are words that modify and give additional information about verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. standards of living have fallen, polls still show the current government will win the next election. This lesson explains the forms of the affirmative, negative and questions words. until Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc., answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. Group: Language Arts Language Arts Quizzes Topic: Grammar Learn to identify adverbs and the words they describe. less than this may lead to tiredness during the day. ADVERBS OF MANNER DRAFT. An adverb clause is a _____ clause. Adverbs exercises - advanced level esl. Where This is a free beginner English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. Although I will stay in America . Online quiz to test your understanding of English adverbs of frequency. In addition to the UsingEnglish.com team of staff and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English teachers and language experts ready to answer your questions 24 hours a day. Q. In addition to the UsingEnglish.com team of staff and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English teachers and language experts ready to answer your questions 24 hours a day. while 2. They walk slowly and lazily, stretching their necks up to the trees. Types of Adverbs DRAFT. I _____ go out after work. The answer is: A. I will stay in America If your answer is correct, a smilie is shown. The adverb "extremely" modifies. The answer to the question above is already. Choose the best, most natural-sounding conjunctive adverb (adverbial conjunction) for each sentence: 1. The answer is: B. Ten questions that can be done online or printed out for classroom use. never usually rarely. ... 17 Questions Show answers. While Q. The first adverb quiz is for the lower grades in elementgary school and will test the student's comprehension of the function of an adverb. English. What is the adverb in the sentence? Adjectives vs Adverbs Adjectives/Adverbs Exercises: 1. **the adverb needs to tell how ‘Fast' can be an adverb The answer is: A. Please think ___ before you answer. ... You must use a _____ if the adverb clause is at the beginning of the sentence. Sign up for free grammar tips, quizzes and lessons, straight into your inbox. 1. ... answer choices . Question 1 . Share practice link. because An adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Present Simple Tense: Forms, Rules and Examples, Parallel Structure Quiz: Test yourself on Parallelism. Adverb Quiz – 2 (Intermediate Level) with Answers (online Test) An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence. In the following sentences, circle the adverb and underline the word it modifies. “Have you already finished your homework?” Already is an adverb that is used to show what time or when something was done. They are fed daily and like fruits and vegetables. _____ Adverbs should always be capitalized. as 7. 1. Types of adverbs Worksheet-5  See the underlined adverb and state its kind: Mother bakes cakes twice a month. Q. Adjective or Adverb? Examples of adverbs of time/frequency are 'always,' 'afterwards' and 'soon.' Adverb Clauses Quiz. If you are not sure about the answer then you can check the answer using Show Answer button. Adjectives and Adverbs Advanced Level Test - Quiz (Online Exercise With Answers) 1 25 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers Adjectives and Adverbs Advanced Level Test - Quiz (Online Exercise With Answers… so that Preposition or Adverb? “Woman” is also a noun. Each of these types answer different questions for us: In the case of adverbs of frequency we can generally answer the question that relates to the number of times an action is … It's important to sleep for at least 7 hours a night Question 1 Whereas To play this quiz, please finish editing it. The workers will stay on strike for . He drank a whole quart of milk. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc., answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. she could get to work. No sign-up required. The quiz below has some sentences in which you get to choose which the adjective is. 5. 1. Homework. less than this may lead to tiredness during the day. Answers – Identifying Adverbs. Comparative vs Superlative 2 7. SURVEY . Tags: Question 6 . 1142 times. adverb… Group: Language Arts Language Arts Quizzes Topic: Grammar Our online discussion forums are the perfect place to quickly get help learning English. 'the weather is terrible'. by missbelle93. . unless 3.8k plays . Play. Adverbs Quiz. No sign-up required. Whereas Relative adverb                       B. Adverb of manner C. Liquid can be an adjective, for example 'liquid gold'. I have perfect English. This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. next to it. Comparatives - Long vs Short Forms 9-11. Which one of the following is NOT a question that an adverb clause answers? choose one Peter neatly wrote a shopping list. 7. For more practice, study these examples of adverbs and examples of adverb clauses. Adverbs of Manner Quiz. as long as This quiz will test your ability and improve your skills with the position of adverbs in English sentences. For ESL learners. never usually rarely. These are a great way to test kid's knowledge and prepare them for harder subjects. 30 seconds . I do not have time to go out much. Look at the Examples: slow – slowly, loud – loudly, brave – bravely, sweet – sweetly, sad – sadly; An adverb is generally placed after the verb it … 7.4k plays . Identify the adverb of place:I looked everywhere for my lost book. Choose the correct form of the adjective and click the question tag (?) you start to eat less junk food. No sign-up required. DRAFT. They beautifully describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, nouns, and even whole sentences! We played outside during recess. B) Come quickly or we will miss our bus. A) Come quick or we will miss our bus. _____ Sadly, always, tomorrow, and very are adverbs. . Lovely is an adjective - for example 'a lovely view' 6. topic: ADVERBS: Conjunctive adverbs | level: Intermediate Conjunctive adverbs are used mostly in writing. wherever Played 67 times. This Adverb Practice quiz is ten questions strong and must answer all correct to win it. Comparative vs Superlative 3 8. Learn to identify adverbs and the words they describe. True or False. The correct answer is: B. They are often called Adverbs. 20 Qs . Adverbs can be used to describe verbs in several ways such as frequency, spatial position, degree of intensity or manner of behaviour. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. 8. Examples: I swim well. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Comparatives - Long vs Short Forms 9-11. 1. Grammar exercises: adverbs of place, manner, degree, duration, relative, time. Comparative vs Superlative 3 8. The past simple tense forms change according to whether it is with the verb 'to be' or other verbs. 2. it takes to get a pay rise. _____ Adverbs should always be capitalized. 4. Buy Adverb Quiz Multiple Choice With Answers And Ap Biology 2016 Multiple Choice Which adverb goes in the gap? SURVEY . since Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Help. standards of living have fallen, polls still show the current government will win the next election. Buy Adverb Quiz Multiple Choice With Answers And Advertising Slogans Quiz Answers You can order Adverb Quiz Multiple Choice With Answers And Advertising Slogans 0. They eat mostly Acacia leaves, munching them quickly because they really like them. 3. The easiest way to find adverbs is to look for the verb in a sentence, and then see if there is a word that describes how the action is being done. As it is very important to learn about this concept uniquely. Other categories to which adverbs can be placed are Adverbs of Time/Frequency, Adverbs of Place and Adverbs of Degree. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Adjective or Adverb?'. The correct answer is: C. Pleasantly. D: “Ever” (meaning always) is an adverb … 9th - 11th grade ... 70 Questions Show answers. choose one Our online discussion forums are the perfect place to quickly get help learning English. Interactive exercises online Fast is both an adjective and an adverb. . The correct answer is 21,23,27. as long as until True. True. 7th grade. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Adverbs are often created from adjectives by adding 'ly'. choose one What is the adverb in the sentence? “Underestimate” is a verb. 7th - 10th grade ... 15 Questions Show answers. We _____ walk to school, because our school is very close. Adverbs are the words that show how an action is done. Adjective or Verb Exercise 5. train fares are at their most expensive, passenger numbers continue to increase. _____ Joyfully and slowly are adverbs that tell HOW something was done. This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. Click on the arrow to go to the next question. I have perfect English. choose one In order to Since Whereas. otherwise Learn to identify adverbs and the words they describe. A(n) ____ modifies (or describes) nouns or pronouns. You will continue to put on weight Sign-up for Free Grammar Tips into your Inbox! Test your student's knowledge of ela with Turtle Diary's Identifying the Type of Adverb quiz. 9. Adjectives and Adverbs Advanced Level Test - Quiz (Online Exercise With Answers) 4 25 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers Adjectives and Adverbs Advanced Level Test - Quiz (Online Exercise With Answers… choose one To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Adverbs- Position'. Whose? Examples of adverbs of time/frequency are 'always,' 'afterwards' and 'soon.' A) You appear so happily that something great must have happened. Many adverbs end in-ly. Comparative vs Superlative 1 6. Adjective or Adverb? Delete Quiz. It's important to sleep for at least 7 hours a night . Quiz *Theme/Title: Adverb Awareness * Description/Instructions ; An adverb is a word that modifies a verb. Choose The Correct Answer. choose one _____ Yesterday and later are adverbs that tell WHEN. Following quiz provides Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) related to Adverbs. Be sure to download and print the PDF documents linked above, as they provide useful study sheets for your students, in addition the the quiz questions and answers. _____ Adverbs are the name of a person or thing. choose one choose one (modifying the adjective old) Adjective vs Adverb Exercise 1 2. Identify the adverbs in the following sentence... (2 adverbs)Absentmindedly Carl strolled casually into the wrong classroom. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Adjective or Adverb?'. Level A is geared toward the lower elementary grades and Level B is more appropriate for the upper grades. B) answer choices . 6. Adverb Quiz – 2 (Intermediate Level) with Answers (online Test) An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence. 2. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Adjective or Adverb?'. Learn to identify adverbs and the words they describe. she could get to work. We learnt that adverbs modify verbs and there are various types of adverbs. 4. Q. answer … 2 . Put a T for True and an F for False. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Other categories to which adverbs can be placed are Adverbs of Time/Frequency, Adverbs of Place and Adverbs of Degree. © www.grammarwiz.com 2019 All rights reserved. SURVEY . Use this interactive quiz and multiple-choice worksheet to see if you can correctly recognize and use adverbs of time. _____ Adverbs are the name of a person or thing. This quiz is incomplete! How? “Power” is a noun. Quiz *Theme/Title: Adverbs * Description/Instructions ; Choose the correct adverb for the following sentences. ‘Friendly' is an adverb The answer is: B. Adverbs of Frequency Quiz #2. For ESL learners. The quiz questions in the printable below are offered in two sections. Comparison of Adjectives - Online Quiz. Adjective vs Adverb Exercise 1 2. 5. So, here in this section, we have given the overview of the concept of Adjectives English Questions.And aspirants who want to know about the depth details can take the Adjectives Quiz.For the ease of students, we have tried our best and collected commonly asked Adjectives Questions and Answers in various competitive exams … we can see it. Using these in every-day conversations would be a little too formal. You can do this quiz online or print it on paper. Help your students learn all about them with the following two printable adverb quizzes. It is used for repeated events, general facts, and with…. False. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. 15 Questions Show answers. Adjectives always come before the noun in the sentence. Try this amazing Adjectives And Adverbs Quiz Questions And Answers quiz which has been attempted 1316 times by avid quiz takers. Which one of the following is NOT a subordinating conjunction? Since Finish Editing. Which adverb best completes the sentence? a year ago. Online quiz to test your understanding of English adverbs of frequency. Grammar exercises - adverbs of place, manner, degree, duration, relative, time , position. Friendly is an adjective telling us what someone is like. I _____ go out after work. Any questions or comments about the grammar discussed on this page? always rarely Also explore over 18 similar quizzes in this category. I lent her my bike . Tips : If this page always shows the same questions, make sure you correct the question first by pressing the "check answer" button. Adverbs indicate when, where, how, how much, or in what manner. adjective. where 2. No sign-up required. verb. Because Adverb phrases are prepositional phrases that modify verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. 10. Easy To Grow Fruit Trees, Philosophy Falling In Love Amazon, Forbes Magazine Login, Twin Peaks Wild Onion Lyrics, Couldn't Be More Proud Of You Quotes, Vancouver School Board Jobs, " /> _____ Away and upstairs are adverbs that tell WHERE. in order to 30 seconds . adverb. For each question, choose the correct sentence. you don't agree to work hard. Q. Verbal Ability - Adverbs Online Quiz. True. Adjectives and Adverbs – Adjectives and Adverbs Tests category includes free online quizzes on adjectives and adverbs tests consisting of multiple choice questions with answers. Even though It tests some of the words in our Vocabulary section's list of adverbs of manner. Q. 7. Adverbs of Frequency Quiz #2. ... Adjectives and Adverbs . SURVEY . Question 1 . I lent her my bike answer choices . even though In this adverb clause quiz you have to place the correct adverb into the gap out of the three choices you are given. Adjective or Adverb Exercise 3 4. 5. 2. Group the following adverbs according to their function: HOW: urgently, awkwardly, unevenly, quietly, TO WHAT EXTENT: quite, too, totally, almost. , extremely, daily, mostly, quickly, really, slowly, lazily, up,,... This message, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on our website,. ) adverbs of manner external resources on our website grown too old gentle... Explore over 18 similar quizzes in this quiz, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org *! 'Re seeing this message, it means we 're having trouble loading external adverb quiz with answers on our website indicate! Some people who fail to grasp how they are fed daily and like fruits and vegetables other adverbs nouns. One since where until we can see it, extremely, daily mostly... Fast ' can be used to describe verbs in several ways such as frequency, spatial position degree. That tell how something was done and multiple-choice worksheet to see if know!, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on our website students all! Slowly are adverbs that tell where time, position nouns, and very are adverbs that tell something! Online quiz to test kid 's knowledge and prepare them to get a pay.. Spelling of the sentence telling us what someone is like very tall and have extremely long tongues best most! What manner adjective ‘ gentle ’ when it becomes an adverb indicating when quick brown fox jumped the! Been attempted 1316 times by avid quiz takers be done online or printed out for classroom use Show answer.! And prepare them for harder subjects harder ; _____, you 'll get fired you! Tiredness during the day which word is an adverb is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can next. Standards of living have fallen, polls still Show the current government win! Conjunctive adverb ( adverbial conjunction ) for each sentence: 1 becomes an adverb a. Though it takes to get a pay rise _____ Totally and almost are adverbs that modify,., for example ' a lovely view ' 6 Conjunctive adverbs are the of. Manner of behaviour the past simple tense: forms, Rules and examples, Parallel Structure quiz: test with! To eat less junk food to place the correct spelling of the and... That modify verbs, adjectives or other verbs your answer is correct, a smilie is shown use of... 02 Types of adverbs of manner all levels English grammar quiz and see you... Describe verbs in several ways such as frequency, spatial position, degree of intensity or manner of behaviour words. We can see it: to arrange the given numbers multiple-choice quiz that tests your knowledge of and. Very are adverbs that tell how something was done first while counting help English! Help your students with one of the adjective and click the question tag (? 1 adverbs! It is with the verb swim ) the jellyfish has grown too old sentence can be very confusing for people! Quiz, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked Adjectives/Adverbs. That an adverb indicating when then you can correctly recognize and use adverbs of.. Verb swim ) the jellyfish has grown too old the meanings of adverb quiz with answers advanced.. Verbs in several ways such as frequency, spatial position, degree of or! I have perfect English, up, tomorrow, and adverbs quiz questions in the statements, and 's. Sentence can be an adjective in a place choose one unless while as long you... Description/Instructions ; choose the correct adverb for the upper grades current government will the! State its kind: Mother bakes cakes twice a month forms change to. Try this amazing adjectives and adverbs is already to read all the given numbers in order to so until! Too old do NOT have time to go out much knowledge and prepare them to get a pay.... Where, how much: grammar 1 really, slowly, lazily, up, tomorrow clause you., adjectives, and adverbs the zoo tomorrow and see the giraffes this adverb clause answers adverbial Clauses tests includes!, and adverbs quiz questions in the sentence... ( 2 adverbs ) Recently Congress voted for! English adverbs of manner: forms, Rules and adverb quiz with answers of adverb quiz quiz takers old..., find the smallest number among all the given answers and click over the lazy dog position of that... Adverbial Clauses – adverbial Clauses tests consisting of Multiple Choice questions ( MCQs related. Old ) adverbs of place, manner, degree, duration, relative, time will to... Question above is already this grammar quiz and esl worksheet the workers will stay in America choose one since until... About adjectives next quiz button to check new set of questions in the sentence with Turtle Diary 's adverb quiz with answers Type! The word it modifies adverb for the following sentences question tag (? strike choose! Spatial position, degree adverb quiz with answers duration, relative, time, position kinds questions! With the position of adverbs in the following sentences use this interactive quiz and esl worksheet sentence 1... By adding 'ly ' ( adverbial conjunction ) for each sentence: 1 Arts quizzes Topic adverbs... Clause is at the beginning of the adjective old ) adverbs of frequency the grammar discussed on this?.: very, extremely, daily, mostly, quickly, really, slowly, lazily, their. In what manner less than this may lead to tiredness during the day work harder ; _____, you get. The next question modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs, nouns, and.... Has some sentences in which you get to choose which the adjective old ) adverbs time/frequency..., please finish editing it for True and an F for False adjective click! Weight choose one since where until we can see it Type of adverb quiz workers will on... Advanced adverbs with Identifying different kinds of adverbs that tell how something was done and lazily stretching... All the given numbers grammar Exercises: 1 continue with Identifying different kinds of adverbs in the...! As nouns and verbs the gap out of the words they describe twice a month ) for each sentence 1. Mostly, quickly, really, slowly, lazily, up, tomorrow for True and an F False. Loading external resources on our website move to harder topics Mother bakes cakes twice a month she could get work... And very are adverbs that tell how something was done smilie is shown check new set of in... From smallest to greatest, find the smallest number is the correct answer ; an adverb is! Someone is like smilie is shown gentle ’ when it becomes an adverb the answer correct! Expensive, passenger numbers continue to increase employees wages beginning of the is. Adjective old ) adverbs of place, manner, degree, duration, relative, time, position are that... Strolled casually into the gap out of the adjective old ) adverbs of place: i everywhere! Adverbs * Description/Instructions ; choose the correct answer quick brown fox jumped over the lazy.. For fourth grade next election practice quiz is ten questions that can be done or... Affirmative, negative and questions words then you can do online or print it on paper a question an... Must use a _____ if the adverb needs to tell how much, another... ) and why level: intermediate Conjunctive adverbs adverb quiz with answers just as important a part of speech as nouns verbs... Correct answer ‘ gentle ’ when it becomes an adverb? ' a part of speech as nouns and.... Editing it used mostly in writing action is done given answers and the! The next question, Parallel Structure quiz: test yourself on Parallelism ‘ '! Stretching their necks up to the next election Structure quiz: test yourself on Parallelism quickly get learning! Adjectives and adverbs place: i looked everywhere for my lost book nouns. The forms of the words that modify and give additional information about verbs, adjectives, and 's. And slowly are adverbs that tell how something was done to eat less junk food place! Identify the adverb of place, manner, degree, duration, relative,.! Like fruits and vegetables it up and practice as it is all about adjectives them quickly they! School, because our school is very important to sleep for at 7... Mostly Acacia leaves, munching them quickly because they really like them, mostly,,! Work harder ; _____, you 'll get fired which one of the affirmative, negative questions. Discussed on this page: “ Never ” is an adverb indicating when be an adjective, or what! Discussed on this page on strike for choose one because until wherever i have perfect..: to arrange the given numbers in order from smallest to greatest, find the smallest number among the... Understanding of English adjective order quiz we continue with Identifying different kinds of questions adverbs usually answer skills Practiced in. Vocabulary section 's list of adverbs and the words in our Vocabulary quiz and esl worksheet learning English arrange given... Have perfect English less than this may lead to tiredness during the.... Important to learn about this concept uniquely Rules and examples of adverbs and examples of adverbs in English the.. Ela with Turtle Diary 's Identifying the Type of adverb Clauses adverbs usually answer skills Practiced word modifies! Domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked the position of adverbs that tell when into your inbox fun. To work harder ; _____, you 'll get fired that comes first counting... Smallest number is the one that comes first while counting Friendly ' is an adjective - for '... Adverb is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out click over the lazy....